Private players in Haryana are pushing ahead biomass-based power projects in the backdrop of acute power shortage in the state. The thermal power projects are shutting down due to technical reasons and inadequate coal supply and independent power producers are willing to take up biomass power projects based on waste of agriculture and distillery.
The state government has recently signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with four private players for setting up of five biomass power projects of 51 MW capacity with an investment of Rs 230 crore and two of them are likely to be commissioned soon. Haryana generates around 8.4 million tonnes of biomass raw material annually from wheat, paddy, mustard and cotton.
According to a study by Haryana Renewable Energy Development Agency (HAREDA) puts the power generation from paddy waste at 612 MW while wheat straws may generate around 157 MW of power. The mustard residue could generate 130 mw while biomass from cotton and bajra has potential to generate around 53 MW and 59 MW in Haryana.
“The overall power potential from biomass is estimated at 1000 MW,” an official of Haryana Renewable Energy Department said. A project of one MW capacity to produce electricity from the distillery waste has been set up at Ashoka Distillery and Chemicals Hathin in district Palwal and three MW project at Globus Spirit, Smalkhan, district Panipat.
For generation of power from agricultural waste, 11 projects of total 24.95 MW through cogeneration route had been setup, an official said. Power projects based on bagasse in Sugar Mills through cogeneration route has been set up at cooperative mills including a 1.8 MW project at Meham sugar Mill, 24 MW project at Shahbad sugar mill, 16 MW project at Rohtak sugar mill and 2 MW project at Hafed sugar mill had been setup.
To create awareness among the masses about renewable energy and energy conservation technologies, 21 district level Energy Parks had been setup in Haryana with an investment of Rs. 1.8 crore. “Haryana is one of the leading States where Energy Conservation Fund has been created for execution of energy conservation programmes”, the official added.
The state government had allotted Rs 42.43 crore in the year 2012-13 in annual budget for Renewable Energy Department up from Rs 3.9 crore in the year 2004-2005. To promote renewable energy at village level, a scheme to reward the Panchayats has been initiated that awards prizes of Rs 5 lakh , Rs 4 lakh and Rs 3lakh at the state level.