The Energy Statistics 2012, a yearly publication brought out by the Central Statistics Office – Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation states that Gujarat has the maximum potential in India to generate renewable energy from various sources.
India’s energy-mix comprises fossil fuel sources like coal, lignite, petroleum and natural gas as well as renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, small hydro, biomass and cogeneration bagasse. The CSO publication says, “The geographic distribution of the estimated potential across states reveals that Gujarat has the highest share of about 14 percent (12,489 MW), followed by Karnataka with 12 percent share (11,071 MW) and Maharashtra with 11percent share (9,596 MW), mainly on account of wind power potential.”
The publication estimates Gujarat’s potential for generating wind power at 10,609 MW, biomass power at 1,221 MW, small hydro power at 197 MW, co-generation bagasse at 350 MW and waste to energy at 112 MW. However, Gujarat does not figure in the list of top three states in terms of installed capacity of grid interactive renewable power. Tamil Nadu boasts of the highest installed capacity of grid connected renewable power (6,500 MW) followed by Maharashtra (3,005 MW) and Karnataka (2,882 MW). All three states have high installed capacity of grid connected renewable power primarily due to wind power.
Gujarat had 2,197 MW of installed capacity of grid interactive renewable power as on 31 March, 2011, 17 per cent increase over the previous year. The growth of renewable energy, especially solar, and adapting to technologies will be the focus at the Vibrant Gujarat 2013 summit to be held next year in Gandhinagar. The summit is scheduled from 11 to 13 January and will feature various initiatives of the state government over past years to promote clean energy and sustainable development.